The UK’s VAT Rate Explained

Updated on July 19, 2022

What is VAT?

In the UK, sales of goods and services are subject to VAT, or Value Added Tax.

It is both a ‘consumption tax’ and a ‘indirect tax’ because it is collected by businesses on behalf of the government when people purchase goods and services.

What are the current VAT rates in the UK?

Most purchases in the United Kingdom are subject to VAT at a standard rate of 20%.

It is important for businesses to be aware of increased VAT rates.

A reduced-rate tax of 5% applies to saline products, energy-saving devices, and child safety seats.

The zero rate, which is charged at 0%, applies to the majority of food, books, newspapers, and children’s apparel.

Sales of goods and services that are exempt from VAT must still be reported on your VAT return.

In addition, some items are exempt from taxation.

A few examples include the use of postage stamps and the exchange of money and real estate.

VAT is not charged on these products and services. To be clear, you do not have to include this income in your taxable income.

According to EU law, no country in the EU can have a VAT rate lower than 15%.

How has the VAT rate changed?

A VAT was implemented in 1973 to replace the Purchase Tax.

No VAT is collected until a product is sold after it has been manufactured and delivered. Different goods were taxed at different rates under the Purchase Tax.

For example, administrations have in the past raised or dropped the standard VAT rate based on their economic interests and priorities of the government. You’d have to pay this:

Percentage of the annualized pace of the value-added tax
Between 1974 and 1979, the percentage increased by 8%.
Between 1979 and 1991, 15% of the population was under 25 years old.
A 0.5 percent increase from 1991 to 2008.
In 2008-2009, 15% of the population was in the country.
Only one-seventh of 1%
About two-thirds of the time since 2011
Keep in mind that the VAT rate can fluctuate when calculating how much tax you owe.

If you’re on top of the latest rates, your bills and accounts will be accurate.

It doesn’t matter what tax rate you use; we have a VAT calculator that will function anyway.

Who pays VAT?

Sales of more than £85,000 a year necessitate that customers and suppliers register to collect and pay VAT.

VAT registration is not necessary for other businesses.

When a firm files its VAT return, HMRC requires it to collect VAT from its customers and submit it to the government.

In order to avoid paying VAT, do you have any other options?
HM Revenue and Customs can make VAT payments in a number of ways (HMRC). As soon as the next business day, if necessary, payments can be made.

By phone or online, payments can be completed more quickly.
Filling out a CHAPS application online.
It may take up to three business days for the various payment options to be processed. Included are:

An indirect method of payment via BACS.
It’s time to organize the house (for some VAT schemes)
Including debit and credit cards
There are many examples of financial institutions that might be used as a starting point.
For additional information, see the Government website’s ‘Pay your VAT bill’ page.

How to charge VAT

In the last section, we learned that VAT is an indirect tax that is collected by businesses on behalf of the government.

As a result, the price you charge clients for goods and services will have to reflect this additional cost.

Making sure you complete this correctly at the time of sale is critical so that you can correctly file and pay your HMRC VAT refund.

To be included on invoices, the following information is required:

a reference to a purchase order
The date of the bill (and the date the goods and services were supplied if this is different to the invoice date)
Your company’s name and location
Your tax identification number (TIN).
The name and address of the consumer.
a list of the products and services that are protected
Each line item on your invoice has to include the following information:

The cost per unit, excluding taxes.
the amount of money
The value-added tax (VAT) rate
The amount of money you’ll have to pay before taxes.
Value Added Tax (VAT) owed
Any discount in the form of money