How Could We Improve the Federal Tax System?

Updated on July 20, 2022

How would a VAT be collected?

A.The credit-invoice mechanism is used in most countries having a value-added tax.

Business profits are taxed throughout the production process, although input taxes paid by the company are deducted from profits.


The credit-invoice system is used in most countries with a value-added tax (VAT). VAT-registered business taxpayers who purchase goods and services from taxable firms are invoiced by the sellers.

A credit for taxes paid is claimed by the purchasers, who then pay VAT on all of their sales. There are no net taxes on sales between VAT-registered enterprises, but the ultimate sale price to consumers is taxed at the full rate of the VAT (table 1).



Businesses pay tax on the difference between their sales and purchases from other businesses under a VAT subtraction technique, which is also known as a business transfer tax.

The value of final sales is equal to the sum of all sums liable to tax, excluding exemptions, as in the credit-invoice VAT.

Although the VAT in Japan is calculated using a subtraction approach, it contains all of the same invoicing criteria and credit-invoice method rules as other nations’ VATs.

Further Reading

It was reported in 2011 by the Tax Analysts. A Federal Consumption Tax and What It Would Mean for the United States. Falls Church, Virginia: Experts in the field of taxation

A Value Added Tax to Replace Payroll Taxes: The Policy’s Effects, by Joseph Rosenberg, was released in 2010. Washington, DC is home to the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center.

With Eric Toder’s help In cooperation with Jim Nunns and Joseph Rosenberg. “Using VAT” was the moniker given to the year 2012 in reference to tax reform. DC’s Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center.