Updated on August 6, 2022
I’m a year 11 student studying accounting. I have been understanding everything we’ve learned so far, but now that we’re using GST accounts too I’m starting to have trouble.
I just want to know when to use GST credits received and GST collected.
So, do we use GST collected when something is sold, or do we use GST credits received?
Yes, you use GST collected when something is sold, as you are collecting GST on behalf of the government (i.e the GST is included in your selling price). GST credits received refers to the GST credits you are entitled to claim back from the ATO from the payments you have made for inventory and other expenses/outgoings in the course of business.
It’s not really a refund – it is used to offset any GST collected. E.g. sales $11,000; purchases $5,500 – you will have to pay $500 GST to the ATO ($1,000 received less $500 paid). So you can see that in this situation the ATO is in fact receiving some GST. If a business is registered for GST but keeps getting refunds, it means the business is doing very badly as their outgoings are greater than their incomings.